It is bioactivated hepatically to its primary metabolite, N-desethylamodiaquine, by the cytochrome p450 enzyme CYP2C8. Among amodiaquine users, several rare but serious side effects have been reported and linked to variants in the CYP2C8 alleles. Plaquenil retinopathy autofluorescence Cipro and plaquenil Plaquenil toxicity oct The PDB entry listed in the links table is for R-chloroquine. Marketed formulations may contain chloroquine phosphate PubChem CID 64927. The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY. Name; Formula; IUPAC identifier; CAS number; More options; NIST Data. IUPAC Standard InChIKey WHTVZRBIWZFKQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N; CAS Registry Number 54-05-7; Chemical structure This structure is also available as a 2d Mol file;. Capquin; Cloroquine; Ronaquine; +/--Chloroquine. Chloroquine is rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, and only a small proportion of the administered dose is found in the stools. Approximately 55% of the drug in the plasma is bound to nondiffusible plasma constituents. Excretion of chloroquine is quite slow, but is increased by acidification of the urine. People who are poor metabolizers of amodiaquine display lower treatment efficacy against malaria, as well as increased toxicity. CYP2C8*1 is characterized as the wild-type allele, which shows an acceptable safety profile, while CYP2C8*2, *3 and *4 all show a range of "poor metabolizer" phenotypes. Iupac name of chloroquine Chloroquine diphosphate C18H32ClN3O8P2 ChemSpider, Chloroquine - NIST Chloroquine antimalarialPlaquenil eye exam protocol ChEBI Name hydroxychloroquine ChEBI ID CHEBI5801 Definition An aminoquinoline that is chloroquine in which one of the N-ethyl groups is hydroxylated at position 2antimalarial with properties similar to chloroquine that acts against erythrocytic forms of malarial parasites, it is mainly used as the sulfate salt for the treatment of lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and light. Hydroxychloroquine CHEBI5801. Chloroquine - wikidoc. Hydroxychloroquine C18H26ClN3O - PubChem. Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. It is also occasionally used for amebiasis that is The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses. Chloroquine Phosphate is the phosphate salt of chloroquine, a quinoline compound with antimalarial and anti-inflammatory properties. Chloroquine is the most widely used drug against malaria, except for those cases caused by chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Although the mechanism of action is not fully understood, chloroquine is shown to inhibit the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase.